How do I recognize mental or neurological disorders?

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How do I recognize mental or neurological disordersHow do I recognize mental or neurological disorders?

“For many sick people, the medical examination has something eerie, especially when it comes to mental disorders,” explains Hans Faber, medical assistant at the neurological outpatient clinic of the Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry in Munich. “In our lecture we would like to take a look behind the scenes of our examination techniques and give you a feeling of when you should think of a psychiatric or neurological disease.“

The careful medical examination is the basis for targeted therapy. “In principle, a neurological examination should be carried out not only of the neurologically ill but also of any mentally ill patient. In order not to overlook so-called brain organ causes, further extensive technical examinations are also required,“ says Manfred Uhr, senior physician and head of the clinical laboratories at the Max Planck Institute for Psychiatry in Munich.

In addition to the observation of behaviour and the medical/psychiatric interview, imaging, electrophysiological examinations and detailed laboratory examinations should be carried out in particular. In addition, we go on laboratory tests of blood and cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis and control of therapy.

Both mental and neurological diseases are based on changes in the nervous system as an anatomical and functional basis. It is therefore not surprising that many neurological diseases, especially when affecting the brain, often cause mental disorders. In principle, a neurological examination of each mentally ill patient should be carried out. In order not to overlook the so-called brain organic causes, further extensive technical studies are also required.

In addition to the observation of behaviour and the medical/psychiatric interview, imaging, electrophysiological examinations and detailed laboratory examinations should be carried out. In our presentation we would like to explain the possibilities and limitations of neurological examinations. In addition, we go on laboratory tests of blood and cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis and control of therapy.

Mental and neurological disorders

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Mental and neurological disorders

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Mental and neurological disorders

Both mental and neurological diseases are based on changes in the nervous system as an anatomical and functional basis. It is therefore not surprising that many neurological diseases, especially when affecting the brain, often cause mental disorders. Conversely, even in some mental illnesses symptoms may appear, which may initially be thought of as a neurological cause. But how can neurological and psychological disorders be reliably detected?

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